• HariKishore Reddy

French Beans Cultivation|Health Benefits| Pest & Disease Control| Annual Profits| BestPractiz-Agri

Updated: Jan 12

Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) which is additionally called as Snap beans, Kidney beans, Common bean and French bean is one of the most generally developed vegetables in India. Kidney Beans are a decent wellspring of protein likewise it is fantastic wellspring of molybdenum. It contain great wellspring of cholesterol-bringing down fiber.

Maharashtra, Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka are major kidney bean growing states in India.


Nutritional and Health Benefits of Beans:


French bean is a significant leguminous harvests which has higher dietary list of protein in new cases (1.7%) just as in dried seeds (21.1%) that fill in as a modest wellspring of higher protein. It is likewise a significant heartbeat crop.



1.They Are Heart-Helpers

Beans are "heart solid" since they contain a bounty of dissolvable fiber, which can bring down cholesterol and triglyceride levels. On the off chance that you incline toward canned beans, you can discard up to 40 percent of the sodium by washing them in water.


2.They Are Low In Fat


Most beans are about 2 to 3 percent fat, and contain no cholesterol, unless they're processed or prepared with other ingredients, such as lard.


3.They Pack Protein


Around 1/2 cup of beans gives 7 grams of protein, a similar sum as in 1 ounce of chicken, meat or fish. Veggie lovers, vegetarians and people who only sometimes eat meat, poultry, or fish could rely on beans as an elective decision


4.They Balance Blood Sugar


With a low glycemic record, beans contain a delightful mix of complex starches and protein. Along these lines, beans are processed gradually, which assists keep with blooding glucose stable, and may shorten weariness and crabbiness.


5.They Cut Cancer Risk


Scientists recommend that adults consume 3 cups of beans per week to promote health and reduce the risk of chronic diseases, like cancer. That owes to their abundance of fiber and antioxidants.


6.They Will Move You


Loaded up with fiber, beans can advance consistency by forestalling obstruction. To expand your supper, make certain to go with high-fiber nourishments with sufficient liquids, similar to at present or shining water. Tipping the scales at 5 to 8 grams of fiber for every 100 grams (3 ounces), beans are perfect for the individuals who are delicate to gluten, a characteristic protein found in items containing wheat, rye, grain, and here and there oats.


7.They'll Satisfy You


Because beans are metabolized more slowly than other complex carbs, they may aid in weight loss by keeping us feeling full without being excessively high in calories.


8.They're Convenient


Canned, frozen or dry, beans are a breeze to purchase, prepare, and store. They even come in flour form.


9.They Are Wallet-Friendly


Beans can are the least expensive source of protein, especially when compared to fresh meat.


10.They Are Nutrient-Rich


Beside protein, complex carbs and fiber, beans contain a force to be reckoned with of supplements including cell reinforcements, and nutrients and minerals, for example, copper, folate, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorous, potassium and zinc. Beans can assist you with venturing up to an increasingly complete plate.


11.They're Versatile


They can be joined into a primary dish (stew), side dish (rice and beans), hors d'oeuvre (soup) or tidbit (plunge). It's anything but difficult to be imaginative when you have kidney beans, pinto beans, dark beans, lima beans, dark peered toward peas, garbanzo beans (chickpeas), split peas and lentils in your wash room. Exploit their different shapes, sizes and hues when arranging suppers.

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What are the Optimum conditions required for Beans?

Soil:


A Beans can be developed on numerous sorts of soils shifting from sand to substantial dirt however very much depleted sandy topsoils or red soils or residue topsoils are perfect. Soil pH of 6.0 to 7.0 with at least 1% natural carbon are appropriate for its development.


Climate:


Beans develop well at temperatures of 26–28°C. Case setting is helpless where the temperatures surpass 36°C or fall underneath 10°C. It is profoundly touchy to ice and water logging. The blossom drop is a significant issue. Essentially, under 50 C the blossoms and creating cases and branches are harmed.


Varieties:


French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is one of the most significant vegetable vegetables developed for its delicate green cases for both new utilization and handling. Contingent upon the assortment, the cases can be green, yellow, red or purple.It is utilized as a vegetable and furthermore devoured as dried beans or in the new state as green beans. It is acquainted with India during the seventeenth century From Europe. It has high nutritive worth. It is an ease protein food. Dry beans are regularly devoured as dried cooked seeds. The significant high yielding assortments of french bean discharged at IIHR, Bengaluru are given beneath with its attributes:


Arka Arjun:


Plants shaggy, vivacious and photograph obtuse. Units are green, stringless with smooth surface. Appropriate for both rabi and summer. Impervious to MYMV malady.


Unit yield: 17t/ha in 70 days.



Arka Anoop:


(Arka Bold x Arka Komal): Plants bushy, photo-insensitive. Resistance to both rust and bacterial blight. Pods long, flat and straight.


Arka Bold:


Plants bushy and Photo insensitive. Pods flat string less, fleshy, crisp, extra large (16cm) and medium long. Resistant to rust. Yield potential of 15 t/ha Duration of 70 days.

Arka Komal:


Plants bushy, photo-insensitive. Resistance to both rust and bacterial blight. Pods long, flat and straight. Pod Yield: 20 t/ha in 70-75 days.


Arka Sharath:


It has round, string less, smooth podssuitable for steamed beans. Units are fresh, meaty with no material and entirely round on cross area. Plants are thick and photograph coldhearted and it is appropriate for both kharif and rabii seasons.

It gives most extreme number of cases per plant (44.5) contrasted with checks. It has high unit yield capability of 18.5 t/ha in 70 days. Arka Suvidha:


Pedigree selection from the cross Blue Crop x Contender. Resistant to rust Plants bushy and photo insensitive. Pods straight, oval, light green, fleshy, stringless and crisp. Duration 70 days.

Pod Yield: 19 t/ha.

Arka Sukomal:


High yielding rust proof post beanvariety. Plants are uncertain which develop more than 2.0m in tallness. Assortment takes 60 days for first gather. Units stringless, oval, green and long (23 cm). Ten case weight: 87 g. Reasonable for both kharif and rabi seasons


Case Yield: 24 t/ha in 100 days.


Nursery and planting Technology:


Land preparation:


The dirt in the flied is brought to fine tilth and the whole amount of FYM blended in with Trichoderma and biofertilizers improved FYM (30t/ha) is consolidated into the dirt before planting. Edges and wrinkles are opened at 60 cm separating and neem cake is applied while shaping edges @ 250 kg/ha.


Seed Treatment:


Beans is a timid nodulator and so as to energize great nodulation and better nitrogen obsession, rewarding seeds with Rhizobium culture is exceptionally basic. A day prior planting treat the seeds with rhizobium blended in jaggery arrangement and permit to dry in the shade for around 5-6 hours.


Sowing:


Bean seeds are generally planted 2-3 cm profound, sufficiently profound to give great inclusion and adequate dampness to advance quick germination and development. A separating of 60 cm x 20 cm is prescribed for better air circulation and to limit quick spread of foliar ailments.


Weeding and Earthing up:


The field ought to be kept weed free as long as 40 days subsequent to planting. By and large hand weeding is followed to control the weeds, which additionally helps in relaxing the dirt. First weeding should be possible at 15 days in the wake of planting and second weeding 30 days in the wake of planting with earthing up activity.


After care:


French Bean develops inside 3-4 days. It begins blooming following 45 days. It ought to be without weed. Weeding ought to be allowed 20–25 days and 40 – 45 days in the wake of planting. The yield ought to be earthed up after each weeding. Post type cultivars develop well on help made of stick outlines. They are likewise bolstered by raising wooden posts associated with strings.


Fertilizers:


Very much disintegrated FYM is altogether blended withTrichoderma harzianum, Azatobacter or Azospirillum and Phosphate Solubilizing microscopic organisms (PSB) , all (@ 1 kg/ton of FYM), saturated with sprinkling water and secured with plastic sheet or dried coconut fraunds and kept to hatch for 15 days. This advanced FYM ought to be blended in with 10 t of FYM before applying to the field.


Irrigation:


Inadequate water at any development stage will decrease yield and case quality. It is generally delicate to water shortfall during blooming and natural product advancement. For the great harvest development all around planned wrinkle water system is powerful. Shrinking in the late morning shows that the harvest ought to be watered. When in doubt during the dry season, water at a time frame 4 days for the principal month subsequent to planting, and afterward every 5-7 days stretch until crop culmination. The root zone of youthful transplants is shallow so water system ought to be visit and sufficiently only to energize the root zone. The yield is delicate to water logging and fields, whenever overflowed ought to be depleted right away.


Harvesting and Yield:


Crop will be normally ready for first picking by 40 t0 45 days after sowing depending on the variety and season of cultivation. Harvest during cool periods, such as late afternoon or early morning. Immediately after harvest shift to shade the harvested produce. Further there will be 2 to 3 pickings to be done at 4-5 days interval. About 12 to 15 t/ha of marketable yields can be obtained with good organic production technology.


Post harvest Management:


French beans are exceptionally transitory and fast cooling subsequent to collecting is imperative to look after quality. In the wake of gathering, beans are washed and separated and infected, substandard units are pulverized. Before these are put away or travel the beans ought to be cooled as quickly as could reasonably be expected. Ideal stockpiling and travel temperature are 5-7 0C. Under these conditions stockpiling life are increments up to 20-25days. At temperature under 1-2.50C, chilling injury happens 10-12 days after capacity.


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Plant Protection:


Pest and their control:


Thrips:


Usually watched bug. For the most part saw in dry climate. They suck sap from the foliage and results in twisting of leaves. Likewise causes bloom drop. To check seriousness of thrips frequency, keep blue clingy traps @6-8 for each section of land. Likewise to decrease the occurrence splash Verticillium lecani@5gm/Ltr water.

2) If incidence of thrips is more, then take spray of Imidacloprid 17.8SL or Fipronil @1ml/Ltr water or Acephate 75% WP@1gm/Ltr.


Aphid:

They suck sap from the leaf. They discharge nectar like substance and created dingy shape i.e blackish shading growth on the Calyx and units hence crumble nature of item.


To control take shower of Acephate 75SP@1gm/Ltr or Methyl demeton 25EC@2ml/Ltr of water. Soil utilization of granular bug sprays viz Carbofuran, Phorate@4-8kg/section of land on 15 and 60 days in the wake of transplanting were likewise viable.


Mite:


These are generally dispersed nuisance watched all through the world. Fairies and grown-ups feed solely on the lower surface of the leaves. Tainted leaves gives cup shape appearance. Overwhelming invasion brings about defoliation, bud shedding and drying of leaves.



In the event that Infestation of yellow bug is seen in field, splash of Chlorfenapyr@15ml/Ltr, Abamectin@15ml/Ltr are discovered powerful. Parasites is a genuine nuisance and it might cause yield misfortune up to 80%. For compelling control shower Spiromesifen 22.9SC @200ml/section of land/180Ltr of water.


Disease and their control:


Powdery Mildew:

Inconsistent, White fine development show up on lower side of leaves. It parasitizes the plant utilizing it as a food source. It can created at any phase of yield advancement. In extreme pervasion it causes defoliation


Keep away from water dwelling in field. Keep field clean. To Control splash with Hexaconazole alongside sticker@1ml/Ltr of water. If there should be an occurrence of unexpected downpour, odds of fine mold. Gentle invasion take shower of water solvent Sulphur@ 20gm/10Ltr of water 2-3 times with time period days.


Wilt:

Soggy and inadequately channel soil causes damping off malady. It is soil borne infection. Water drenching and wilting of stem happens. Seedlings slaughtered before rise.



To control Wilt, Drench close by soil with Copper oxychloride@25gm or Carbendazim@20gm/10Ltr of water. To control Wilting of plants because of root decay do soaking with Trichoderma bio fungus@2.5kg/500Ltr water, close to underlying foundations of plants.


Yellow Mosaic:


Light and green patches saw on leaves. In beginning phase plant development get stops. Yellowing, chlorotic ring spots on leaves and natural products. Select sound and infection free seeds for development. Evacuate and devastated contaminated plant away from field.


Whenever saw in field to control it take shower of Acephate 75SP@600gm/200Ltr or Methyl demeton 25EC@2ml/Ltr of water.


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