• HariKishore Reddy

Jackfruit Cultivation| Health Benefits| Pet and Disease control| Bestpractiz-Agri

Updated: Dec 17, 2020


Jack is a tropical fruit animal categories found in tropical, high precipitation, beach front and muggy zones of the world. It has a place with family Moraceae. Experimentally Artocarpus heterophyllus, it is the most loved product of many, attributable to its pleasantness. The jackfruit tree is broadly developed in tropical areas of India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines. Jackfruit is additionally found across Africa, e.g., in Cameroon, Uganda, Tanzania, and Mauritius, just as all through Brazil and Caribbean countries, for example, Jamaica. Be that as it may, India is viewed as the local of jack fruits.


In India, the trees are discovered appropriated in southern states like Kerala, TamilNadu,Karnataka,Goa,coastalMaharashtraandotherstateslike,Assam,Bihar,Tripura, Uttar Pradesh and lower regions of Himalayas.

The name began from its Malayalam name Chakka. It is likewise called kathhal (hindi and urdu), pala (tamil), halasin hannu (kannada), panasapandu (telugu) and phanos (marathi and Konkani). The fleshy carpel which is organically the perianth is the edibleportion.


Nutritional & Health Benefits of Jackfruit:


Jack fruit is wealthy in a few supplements. It can go about as wellspring of complete nourishment to the customers. The fruit is comparable to Avocado and olive regarding the more advantageous blend of supplements for human dietary needs, nearly having the specific supplement counterparts of mother's milk. It is plentiful in nutrient B and C, potassium, calcium, iron, proteins and elevated level of starches, moderate and promptly accessible enhancement to our staple food.


Its seeds are rich in proteins and can be relished as a nutritious nut. The fruit is also the source of chemical “Jacalin” useful in preventing colon cancer, AIDS etc.


Nutritive value of jackfruit (100 g)


Constituent Average value


Moisture (%) 76.20

Energy (cal) 88.00

Protein (g) 1.90

Fat (g) 0.10

Fibre (g) 1.10

Carbohydrates (g) 19.80

Potassium (mg) 107.00

Calcium (mg) 20.00

Phosporous (mg) 41.00

Iron (mg) 0.56


β Carotene (mg) 175.00


Thiamine (mg) 0.03


Riboflavin (mg) 0.13


Niacin (mg) 0.40


Vitamin C (mg) 7.00


1. Strengthens Immune System:


Jackfruit is an excellent source of vitamin C, which helps to protect against viral and bacterial infections. Vitamin C helps to strengthen the immune system.


2. Aids in healthy digestion


Jackfruit is likewise known to contain hostile to ulcer properties which help fix ulcers and stomach related clutters. Moreover, the nearness of high fiber in the jackfruit forestalls obstruction and aides in smooth defecations. These filaments additionally offer security to mucous layer by heading out the cancer-causing synthetics from the digestive organ.

3. Maintains a healthy eye and skin


Jackfruit contains vitamin A, a powerful nutrient which is known to maintain a healthy eye and skin. It also helps prevent vision related problems such as macular degeneration and night blindness.


4. Boosts energy

Jackfruit is considered as a vitality creating fruit because of the nearness of straightforward sugars like fructose and sucrose which give you a practically prompt jolt of energy. In spite of the fact that Jackfruit is a vitality rich natural product, it contains no immersed greasy oil and cholesterol making it a solid fruit to relish.


5. Lowers high blood pressure


Potassium contained in Jackfruit has been found to be helpful in the lowering of blood pressure and thus reducing the risk of heart attack as well as strokes.


6. Controls asthma


The root of jackfruit has been found to help those who suffer from asthma. Extract of boiled jackfruit root has been found to control asthma.


7. Strengthens the Bone


Jackfruit is rich in magnesium, a nutrient which is important in the absorption of calcium and works with calcium to help strengthen the bone and prevent bone related disorders such as osteoporosis.


8. Prevents anaemia


Jackfruit also contains iron which helps to prevent anaemia and also helps in proper blood circulation in our body.


9. Maintains a healthy Thyroid


Jackfruit is loaded with copper, an important mineral, which plays a key role in the thyroid metabolism, especially in hormone production and absorption.


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What are the optimum conditions required for Jackfuirt:

Soil:

A deep rich alluvial or open textured loamy soil or red laterite soils with slightly acidic condition (pH 6.0– 6.5) with good drainage is ideal for jack fruit , however, it can come up in variety of soils.


Climate:

Jack develops well and gives great yield in warm sticky atmosphere of slope inclines and hot damp atmosphere of fields. The yield develops effectively from ocean level upto a rise of 1200 M at an ideal temperature scope of 22-35o C. It can't endure ice or dry spell. The yield and nature of fruits are medium under low stickiness. The West coast fields with high stickiness are seen as profoundly appropriate.


Nursery and Planting Stage:


Propagation:


At the point when proliferated through seeds, jack displays a wide variety among its star genies. Thus vegetative spread is suggested. Monetarily inarching on 10 months old jack seedlings is done to deliver vegetative descendants. The unions come to bearing inside 4 ½ - 5 years when contrasted with seedlings which take 7-8 years typically.


Delicate wood uniting (split strategy) on 2 months old seedlings with scion of 3-4 months old likewise was seen as fruitful (70 - 80%). Since the suitability of seeds is exceptionally low, seeds must be planted following extraction to raise rootstocks. Rudrakshi and A. hirsuta are likewise utilized as root stock.


Planting:


Pits of size 1 cubic meter are burrowed at a dispersing of 6-8 m and loaded up with top soil blended in with 10 kg FYM. The unions are planted in the focal point of the pits during June-September. Legitimate marking is required to abstain from housing and ensuing breakage at unite joint. Covering or giving shade coconut leaves and exhaustive mulching of bowls after the end of storm season are fundamental to keep away from mortality of unions.


Training:


Jack trees are prepared to a solitary stem, early side branches ought to be evacuated with the goal that a uniform smooth trunk produces for a tallness of 1.5 – 2 M and afterward side branches ought to be allowed to emerge. The bloom buds show up on trunk which ought to be kept liberated from vegetative development.


Irrigation:


In spite of the fact that jack is developed under rainfed conditions, it is exceptionally touchy to dry season. Consequently water system ought to be given relying upon the sort of soil, season and so forth so that, there ought not be any dampness stress particularly during blooming and natural product set. So also a lot of soil dampness will influence the nature of fruits. The carpels will build up a flat taste when there is overabundance soil dampness.


Inter-cultivation:

During the pre-bearing age heartbeats can be raised as intercrop and dried leaves can be spread beneath the trees to fill in as a mulch for dampness preservation. As the storage compartment increments in size, the dynamic buds of female inflorescence create from the storage compartment just as from primary platform branches, this sort of bearing propensity is called 'cauliflorus'.


These fruit buds ought to be shielded from any conceivable harm by scouring of body of the homeless steers, for example, wild oxen through spreading dried prickly brambles. This is exceptionally fundamental particularly when there is no appropriate fence in the fields.


Plant protection:


Pests and their control:


Brown weevil: (Ochyromera artocarpi)


It bores into the tender buds, shoots and fruit.



Control:


Destroying fallen fruits and buds, collection and destruction of grubs and adults and spraying the trees with monocrotophos (0.035 %).


Diseases and their control:


Fruit rot: (Rhizopus artocarpi)


It causes premature fall of young fruits due to rotting and may result in heavy loss in yield under very humid condition.



Control:


Spraying Dithane M.45 (0.2 %) or Bavistin (0.05 %) or Fytolan (0.2 %) at 15 days interval during fruit growth.


Harvesting and yield:

Typically jack begins creating fruits from seventh - eighth year onwards. Joined plants begin to yield from fourth - fifth year itself. In Singapore jack, even seedlings begin bearing from third year. Typically the friuts will be accessible from March to June. In higher rise reap expands upto September. Indeed, even in fields certain genotypes bear a slow time of year crop during October - December. The yield ranges from 20 to 100 natural products/tree. The fruit weight differs from 10 to 30 kg.


Economic Uses:


Aside from its utilization as a table natural product, jack is a mainstream fruit for planning of pickles, chips, jack cowhide and papad. The natural product has got great potential for esteem expansion into a few items like squash, jam, treats, halwa and so on. The ready bulbs can be protected for one year in sugar syrup or as improved mash. The unripe develop bulbs can be whitened and got dried out for additional utilization consistently. Seed is a rich wellspring of starch and a delicacy during season. The lumber is profoundly esteemed for its quality and looked for development and furniture. The dried leaves are sewed to make dispensable plates.


Varieties:


Developed or normally discovered jack trees can be extensively ordered into two kinds viz.,firm tissue (kappa) and delicate substance (rassal) in view of the immovability of the bulb. In any case, there are not many significant assortments presented by and discharged from different associations. A concise portrayal of the equivalent are given here under.


Konkan Prolific:


It is a choice discharged from Dr BSKKV, Dapoli, Maharashtra. The normal plant stature is 14.7 m with normal spread of 11.5 m (N-S) and normal bigness of 1.10 m. Development propensity is semi spreading and genuinely enormous with leaves dim green and interchange. The tree is monoecious with little male blossoms held by pedicel. Female blossoms are bigger than the male and pedicel is thick. fruit is a numerous sort, medium size (8 to 9 kg), natural product's skin shading is green when juvenile and greenish yellow to earthy yellow when ready. The fruit contains the consumable, sweet, fragrant, freshly bulbs.


Singapore (or) Ceylon Jack:


It was brought into Tamil Nadu from Sri Lanka. Natural products are medium in size each gauging 7-10 kg. The carpels are fresh, sweet, yellow with solid lovely smell. It is a bright conveyor viz, in any event, seedling descendants will begin bearing from 3 years subsequent to planting (typically in different sorts the seedling descendants will begin bearing just from 7-8 years in the wake of planting.) Fruits will be accessible from March - June and again from September - December.


Hybrid JackFruit Varieties:


It is a cross between Singapore jack x Velippala developed at Fruit Research Station, Kallar, Tamil Nadu. Trees are precocious in bearing: Carpels are bigger in size and sweeter than the parents.


Burliar-1 ( T Nagar selection):


It was developed at Fruit Research Station, Burliar, Tamil Nadu. The trees are medium in height and prolific in bearing.


Plr-1(Palur-1):


It is a high yielding assortment created at Vegetable Research Station, Palur of Tamil Nadu Agricultural University. A solitary plant choice secluded in Panikkankuppam town close Panruti of South Arcot District of Tamil Nadu. The completely ready fruits have level stigmatic surface rather than a spiked surface. The extraordinary component of this assortment is that the trees bear natural products twice in a year viz., fruits will be accessible in the standard jack season from March to June and a slow time of year crop during October to December is additionally accessible. Each tree bears around 60-80 fruits. The normal fruits weight is 12 kg containing 115-120 bulbs. The all out bulb weight per natural product is 2.36 kg which represents 19.68% of the all out fruits weight. Bulbs are light yellow in shading, fresh and sweet with TSS of 19o Brix.


PPI-1( Pechiparai-1):


It was created at Horticultural Research Station, Pechiparai of Tamil Nadu Agricultural University by clonal determination from Mulagumoodu neighborhood. Trees are medium tall, greatest bearing in tree trunk. On a normal, each tree bears 107 natural products weighing 1818 kg for every year in two seasons, viz., April – June and November – December. Carpels are sweet, fresh, delectable with wonderful fragrance. Reasonable for business planting just as for planting in home nursery.



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