Different Mango Varieties Cultivation| Which is Best Mango variety to Cultivate| BestPractiz-Agri
Updated: Jan 12
There are almost 1000 mango varieties in India.However, just around 20 assortments are developed monetarily. The majority of the Indian mango assortments have explicit ecogeographical requirements for ideal development and fruiting.
Dashehari, Langra, Chausa, Bombay Green and Fazri in north India; Banganapalli, Totapuri, Neelum, Pairi, Suvarnarekha, Mulgoa, Kalapadi and Rumani in south India; Alphonso, Kesar, Mankurad, Fernandin' and 'Vanraj' in western India and 'Langra', 'Fazri; 'Chausa', 'Zardalu', 'Himsagar' and 'Malda' in eastern India are developed industrially. Brief qualities of these assortments are given underneath :
Qualities of significant business mango assortments are as under :
• Alphonso : This is the main business Variety of Maharashtra state and probably the choicest assortment of the nation. This variety is known by various names in various locales, viz. Badami, Gundu, Khader, Appas, Happus and Kagdi Happus. The product of this variety is medium in size, applaud slanted fit as a fiddle and orange yellow in shading. The natural product quality is phenomenal and keeping quality is acceptable. It has been discovered useful for canning reason. It is basically sent out as new natural product to different nations. It is a mid season variety.
• Bangalora : It is a business variety of south India. The basic names of this variety are Totapuri, Kallamai, Thevadiyamuthi, Collector, Sundersha, Burmodilla, Killi Mukku and Gilli Mukku. The natural product size is medium to enormous, its shape is elongated with necked base and shading is brilliant yellow. Organic product quality is poor however keeping quality is awesome. It is generally utilized for handling. It is a mid season variety.
• Banganapalli : It is a commercial variety of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. It is also known as Chapta, Safeda, Baneshan and Chapai. Fruit is large in size and obliquely oval in shape. The colour of the fruit is golden yellow. Fruit quality and keeping quality are good. It is a mid season variety and is good for canning.
Amrapali : This hybrid is from a cross of Dashehari and Neelum. It is dwarf, regular bearing and late maturing variety. The variety is suitable for high density planting as about 1600 plants may be planted in a hectare. It yields on an average of 16 tonnes/hectare.
Mallika: It is from a cross of Neelum and Dashehari. Its fruit is large in size, oblong elliptical in shape and cadmium yellow in colour. Fruit and keeping quality are good. It is a mid season variety.
Arka Aruna : It is a hybrid between Banganapalli and Alphonso. It is dwarf, regular bearing and precocious. Fruits are large having attractive skin colour with red blush and free from spongy tissue. Suitable for homesteads as well as high density planting.
Arka Puneet : It is a hybrid between Alphonso and Banganapalli. It is a regular and prolific bearer. Fruits are medium sized having attractive skin colour with red blush, excellent keeping quality and free from spongy tissue.
Arka Anmol : This hybrid is from a cross of Alphonso and Janardhan Pasand. It is regular bearer and good yielder. Fruits are medium sized having uniform yellow peel colour, excellent keeping quality and free from spongy tissue.
Arka Neelkiran : It is a hybrid between Alphonso and Neelum. It is regular bearing late season variety with medium sized fruits having attractive red blush and free from spongy tissue.
Ratna : This hybrid is from a cross of Neelum and Alphonso. Tree moderately vigorous, precocious, fruits are medium sized, attractive in colour and free from spongy tissue.
Sindhu : It is from a cross of Ratna and Alphonso. It is regular bearer, fruits medium sized, free from spongy tissue with high pulp to stone ratio and very thin and small stone.
Ambika: This hybrid is a cross between Amrapali and Janardhan Pasand. It is a regular and prolific bearer. Fruits are medium sized having attractive skin colour with red blush, and late in ripening.
Au Rumani: It is from a cross of Rumani and Mulgoa. It is precocious, heavy and regular bearer with large fruits having yellow cadmium skin colour.
Manjeera : This hybrid is from a cross of Rumani and Neelum. It is dwarf, regular and prolific bearer with firm and fibreless flesh.
PKM 1 : It is from a cross of Chinnasuvernarekha and Neelum. It is regular bearer, heavy yielder and bears fruits in clusters.